Tanzania
United Republic of Tanzania

Capital
Dar es Salaam (admin)
Dodoma (official)


Area
364,898 sq mi
945,087 sq km


Population
35,922,454 est 2003

Largest city
Dar es Salaam
pop. 2,489,800


Languages
Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages

Peoples
mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African

Religion
mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Islam

Life Expectancy
total population: 44.39 years
male: 43.2 years
female: 45.61 years (2004 est.)


Literacy
total population: 78.2%
male: 85.9%
female: 70.7% (2003 est.)


Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Government
Republic


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