Sudan
Republic of The Sudan

Capital
Khhartoum

Area
967,493 sq mi
2,505,810 sq km


Population
38,114,160 (est 2003)

Largest city
Omdurman
pop. 2,103,900
Khartoum (metro area) largest with pop. of 5,717,300


Languages
Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
note: program of "Arabization" in process


Peoples
Black African 52% including (Fur, Dinka, Nuer, Latuko, Toposa, Nuba), Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%

Religion
Islam (Sunni) 70% (in north), indigenous beliefs 25%, Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum)

Life Expectancy
total population: 58.13 years
male: 56.96 years
female: 59.36 years (2004 est.)


Literacy
total population: 61.1%
male: 71.8%
female: 50.5% (2003 est.)


Suffrage
17 years of age; universal, but noncompulsory

Government
Authoritarian regime - ruling military junta took power in 1989


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