Chad
Republic of Chad

Capital
N'Djamena

Area
495,752 sq mi
1,284,000 sq km


Population
9,253,493 (est 2003)

Largest city
N'Djamena
pop. 609,600


Languages
French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects

Peoples
200 distinct groups; in the north and center: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim; in the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, Moussei, Massa, most of whom are Christian or animist; about 1,000 French citizens live in Chad

Religion
Muslim 51%, Christian 35%, Animist 7%, other 7%

Life Expectancy
total population: 48.24 years
male: 46.91 years
female: 49.63 years (2004 est.)


Literacy
total population: 47.5%
male: 56%
female: 39.3% (2003 est.)


Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Government
Republic


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